This essay will discuss phobias it will critically describe and analyse, behavioural and medical, causes and treatments of phobias it will concentrate on animal type phobias explaining the reasons people might develop this specific phobia and give evidence for and against the models a phobia is. To read up on the biological explanations of phobic disorders, refer to pages 479–485 of eysenck’s a2 level psychology ask yourself which we would expect if innate preparedness was valid as we would not be able to cure such a biological predisposition (davey, 1995, see a2 level psychology page 484. A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder that causes an individual to experience extreme, irrational fear about a situation, living creature, place, or object. Our current knowledge of the biological bases of fear and anxiety is already impressive, and further progress toward models or theories integrating contributions from the medical, biological, and psychological sciences can be expected. Start studying discuss the contribution of behaviourist psychologists such as pavlov and skinner to our understanding of human behaviour (16 marks) approaches learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
If pavlov’s explanation of the equipotentiality of all stimuli to become conditioned were simply that then the range of phobias would be spread arbitrarily across the spectrum of biological and non-biological objects eg a phobia of chairs or flowers would be as likely to evolve as one toward snakes or spiders. Wwwpsychlotronorguk aidan sammons biological investigations of phobia below are some brief descriptions of research studies looking at the role of biological abnormalities in phobia. The biological perspective phobias speciﬁc phobias social phobias what causes phobias how are phobias treated panic disorder the biological perspective explanation but most continue to believe the disorder can be traced to inade-quate parent–child relationships c some researchers have found some support for the psychodynamic perspective.
While the nervous system communicates with the rest of the body through electrical signals, the endocrine system communicates through chemical messengers there are two basic types of chemical messengers: 1) hormones travel throughout the entire body through the blood stream 2) neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that work in the brain. To read up on the psychological explanations of phobic disorders, refer to pages 485–496 of eysenck’s a2 level psychology ask yourself are oversimplified because they only account for learning and ignore other important factors such as cognition and biological preparedness. Psych 220 study play behavioral explanation (phobia) classical conditioning is the common way of acquiring phobias, particularly specific phobias describe the features of panic disorder, and discuss the biological and cognitive explanations and therapies for this disorder.
In this and related study notes we focus on biological explanations and treatments for obsessive compulsive disorder (ocd) biological explanations are divided into genetic explanations and neural explanations genetic explanations suggest ocd is inherited and that individuals inherit specific genes. Discuss the biological explanation for phobic disorders research paper (24 marks) the biological explanation for the acquisition of phobic disorders establishes that phobias are caused by genetics , innate influences and the principles of biochemistry. A01 and evidence biological explanations of phobias core ideas: combined influence of genes and environmental stimuli causes abnormalities in structure/biochemistry of our nervous system a02 genetics the main argument from the genetic explanation is that phobic disorders result from faulty genes inherited from parents. Anxiety disorders (phobias) there is not as much research in this area as for biological explanations, for example • discuss the use of eclectic approaches to treatment • discuss the relationship between etiology and therapeutic approach in relation to one disorder.
The biological approach believes us to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology it is the only approach in psychology that examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviors from a biological and thus physical point of view. This feature is not available right now please try again later. 05 discuss issues relating to the classification and/or diagnosis of phobic disorders (4 marks + 8 marks) 06 outline and evaluate one psychological explanation for phobic disorders. The biological approach to phobia's twin studies twin studies are used to try to seperate genetic factors from environmental factors they examine the rate of concordance between mono-zygotic twins (identical) and di-zygotic twins (unidentical.
Biological explanations of anxiety: part iii dental phobia when calmness is a trigger for fear and how to change it we are standing by 24/7 to discuss your treatment options our representatives work solely for aac and will discuss whether an aac facility may be an option for you. Bipolar biological etiologies the neurotransmitter theory suggests bipolar is a result of chemical imbalances in the brain neurotransmitters take responsibility of communicating information between the various brain parts and nervous system. Biological explanation of phobias genetics and evolutionary by megan stone on 3 april 2013 tweet genetics and evolutionary biological explanation to phobias research has shown that having a family member with a phobia increases the risk in the individual in developing a similar disorder.